The Rio Conference
United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development
The UCSD was never intended to adopt any action plans
or treaties between states. Consequently, the final declaration was
so vague that few were happy with it. The main purpose was to replace
the criticized millennium goals<LÄNK> with so-called sustainable
development goals that everyone could agree on, but of course it
was difficult to find something concrete that both rich and poor
countries - and also the oil producers - could like.
reforms were decided. The UN Environment Agency UNEP received a larger
budget and competing bodies were abolished. All
states also joined UNEP, which may give it greater weight.
to the inability to agree on anything concrete, the principle of
market governance was also driven less rabidly than at the 1992
conference; everyone's right to participate in development was recognized.
parallel popular movement meeting, Cúpula dos Povos with
15,000 participants, was possibly the most ambitious ever, thanks
to the resources of Vía Campesina's Brazilian organization
Movimento Sem Terra. Five plenary sessions dealt with environmental
justice, defense of the commons and opposition to the privatization
of nature, food sovereignty, energy and extraction, as well as a
different economy and a different paradigm for society. In turn,
these led to further plenary sessions; the habit of cherry-picking
was therefore overcome to some extent.
website of UNSCD
The Movement conference,
end declaration on sustainable development goals
collection from Cúpula dos povos
future is possible, "end declaration" from Cúpula dos povos
on Rio12 from Friends of the Earth
Ivanova: The contested legacy of Rio+20